The municipality of Polan is located 17 kilometres from the capital, accessing it by the CM-401. Its predominantly flat territory extends over the left bank of the Tagus River, interrupted only by some areas like La Jarosa and Banuelos.
Its vegetation is varied, with large areas populated scrubland, dwarf, broom and thyme, and as regards its fauna, is abundant on all rabbit, Partridge, pigeon and the Hare.
Various archaeological finds, such as a Roman stele, connected it with the Roman period, and its proximity to Toledo suggests that it must have been a populated place by Visigoths and Moors. Its name "pola" refers to "puebla", a Christian repopulation that took place between the reconquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI and the subsequent expansion of borders in the South of the Tagus to the Montes de Toledo, under the reign of Alfonso VII, who divided the territory into four parts, one for Domingo Abumelec, and three for the Mozarabic Miguel Azaraf , who handed out half-way between 46 settlers who, through a tasting puebla, they founded Polan.
As sites of interest in the town we found the remains of a castle, which retains part of the western façade and a tower on each side; edifcado with masonry, with mortar of lime and sand, pebbles and bricks. It was built in the 12th century to contain attacks by Arabs, determined to retrieve the line of the Tagus River.
The visit by the municipality continues in the parish church, dedicated to the patterns of the municipality of San Pedro and San Pablo, it was built in the 18th century, in times of Cardinal Lorenzana. Their predominant styles are the Baroque and rococo. As movables, stresses in its interior a piety of Luis de Morales, of undeniable artistic value.
Also preserves the Hermitage of San Sebastián, Temple located in what was the entrance of the village in order to protect the population from the plague. The interior is rectangular, with a polygonal chapel on both sides. It has a simple and beautiful coffered ceiling of wood without any kind of decoration.
There are also a number of homes in different building styles. Highlight the Bejerano House of the 19th century, known as House of columns, with a cover of the seventeenth century; the Golden House, of the 19th and 20th centuries, and the House of the family of Corcuera and Hernando, dating from the 17TH century, and offering to the outside, a perfect example of restoration.
Agriculture, as a main activity, has been losing importance over time. Most of the farms that remain, are small and ownership, mainly devoted to cereals, olive trees and vines. Livestock has also been losing importance with respect to the past, except for pigs. Other relevant sectors are furniture manufacturing, Marzipan, textile and construction.
Due to the abundance of small game, are very typical dishes that derive from it, such as the "rabbit in sauce" and the "stewed partridges". Also part of the gastronomic tradition some dishes such as porridge, the puches and crumbs. Mention the sweets made by different artisans enterprises of the municipality, they have great fame the marzipan and nougat, cupcakes and their tongues of Bishop among others.
In the municipality of Polan specifically on the farm the Borril, is the classroom of nature "The Borril" belonging to the provincial Council of Toledo (arrange visits: 925 59.07.96). It has various educational resources such as farm, Garden, Aquarium, ecological path and environmental workshops, all to give to know the Mediterranean forest and its conservation problems, as well as promote the refection and participation with environmental problems.