San Martín de Montalbán

In order to understand the origin of San Martín, it is necessary to make reference to the monastery of Santa María de Melque, which has traditionally been regarded as a church from the 9th century Moorish-style, but the latest archaeological research are shown that the Church sits on an ancient monastic Center of Visigothic period.

The Church of Santa María de Melque is built in granite Ashlar masonry of unequal size, with Greek cross and unequal arms plant. Later we were adding a series of rooms, one on each side of the apse and another at the foot of! Cruise.

With the Islamic conquest this enclave is destroyed and reused as a watch tower to control the passage of the road that crosses the river Tagus by La Puebla de Montalbán. To complement this defense, maybe there was a fortress located on the present enclave of the castle of Montalban.

King Alfonso VII donated the domain and Montalban Castle to the Templars, at the end of the first third of the 12th century, remaining under this property until 1308, date in which the King Fernando IV kidnapped goods possessing the Temple in their States.

Castle and encomienda remained for some years subject to the Crown, until Alfonso XI made donation of them to Don Alfonso Fernández Coronel.

In 1437 it passed into the hands of the Constable Álvaro de Luna to after his beheading, is inherited by his daughter Luna María mentored by his mother Juana Pimentel, who starred in the showdown against King Enrique IV.
Finally, Enrique IV gives the Puebla valid Juan Pacheco, who makes a Majorat in 1467, La Puebla de Montalbán, giving him his third son Alonso Tellez de Girón.

In all this time he was developing a repopulation of the area, favored by the actions of different owners in the area who with the passage of the Mesta cattle revenues not repaired to increase taxes to its people, progressively increasing the population in the area.

The Modena age begins in the manor with the Foundation of the place of San Martin, which is explained in the relationship of the Puebla de rode, made in 1576.

San Martín was founded by the year 1531. Feudal lords Alonso Téllez and his son sold to residents of this jurisdiction twenty thousand bushels of public mount so they out them and simultaneously limit the freedom of pastors and beekeepers. In 1665 Gets the privilege of villa given by Felipe IV, exempting the management of the Puebla, villa of the lordship of the Dukes of Uceda.

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<h4">Olive oil

As it could not be otherwise, the village of San Martín de Montalbán has a company that is dedicated to the production of oil one of the predominant products in the region of the Montes de Toledo.

Wine

Another characteristic of this local product is the vine. Which leads to an outstanding production of wine, that is why tourists who visit the town of San Martín de Montalbán you can choose between two companies in which taste the broth of these lands.

wine

 

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  • "San Sebastián" (Local holiday, January 20)
  • "Santísimo Cristo de la Luz" (Fiesta Patronal, first weekend in may)
  • "Fiesta del Ausente" (Patron Saint, August 15)
  • "San Andrés" (Local celebration, 30 November)
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Castle fortress of San Martín de Montalbán.

Although its origin is Muslim, it is believed that it became more important after the taking of the city of Toledo by Alfonso VI in 1085. Later, the fortress belonged to the order military of Santa Maria de Valdelmec, being donated by Alfonso VII, in 1197, to the order of the guardians of the Temple of Jerusalem, known as the Knights Templar.This castle became a fortress which defended a wide territory. After the disappearance of the Templars, at the beginning of the 14th century; the Castle passed to be conceived as a jurisdictional Lordship of Don Alfonso Fernández Coronel. Later, he became at the hands of Álvaro de Luna and then family Téllez Girón, Condes de Montalbán.

Parish Church of San Andrés

This temple was built in the early 17TH century over another of the 13th century, which has only been Roman features stone tower. The current was designed by Horge Manuel Theotocopulus, son of the Gerco, engineer who also designed the city of Toledo. Although the exterior is octagonal interior preserves romantic Vault-shaped plant.

iglesia san andres 2

Parish Church of San Andrés

Hermitage of Santa María de Melque

The Ermitade Santa María de Melque was built in the 7th century (possibly a Roman villa). The construction techniques employed are a clear late Roman influence, but its plant, in the form of a Greek cross and the few details decorative, makes us remember other constructions of Byzantine origin. Santa María de Melque is the best preserved Visigothic Temple of the Iberian Peninsula of Western Europe.

Next to the temple is the center of interpretation Santa María de Melque featuring a different material to understand the passage through the history of this impressive monument.

Roman bridge "La Canasta"

It is the best preserved give it that was a Roman road. The construction of this bridge allowed to save the river Torcón in a place of great beauty Rocky.

puenteromano canasta

Roman bridge "La Canasta".

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The Cantuérgana

The recreational area de La Cantuergana is located on the outskirts of San Martín de Montalbán. A place with barbecues and spaces for young people to enjoy nature on the banks of the river Torcón.

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