Around the end of the seventh millennium and early sixth security, we assist in the Iberian Peninsula at the beginning of a gradual transformation of economic patterns.
Until the advent of the Neolithic own economic models, agriculture and grazing, the economy was based on hunting and gathering of different plant species. So with the Neolithic a number of changes affecting introduced:
- Economy: mainly based on two factors, first, in the cultivation of various plants which can obtain good harvests and thus ensure food for the community and secondly, in the domestication of animals involved harnessing meat, wool, milk or driving force.
- A generalization of sedentary occurs, thanks to new agricultural and farming techniques that facilitate the possibility of grouping older population and more complex social organizations.
- Habitat: cave and outdoors.
- Among the most important achievements are the use of ceramics, weaving and polish the stone.
Neolithic archaeological documentation in the province of Toledo, is mainly based on research Carried out in various burial sites : such as Azután dolmen, the dolmen of The Star, Navalcán dolmen, the tomb of Castillejo and Neolithic villages in two municipalities Mesegar Tagus and Numancia .
The existence of All These Neolithic deposits clear assignment , add a series of findings as polished axes and adzes They Have Considered traditionally esta period . This is the case of the equipment located in Menasalbas , San Pablo de los Montes , Hontanar , Los Navalmorales , San Martin de Pusa or cases Two Sisters Cave dolmen or Morena Valley in Navahermosa.