He historic and architectural evolution of a territory is the result of a series of geographical factors. Water availability , the use of the surrounding materials or influence the climate make the places of their rural and urban architecture , a unique cultural event that is linked to the landscape.
Under the name of District Montes de Toledo, we have designated an area that includes the municipalities that form the Association for Integrated Development Planning Montes de Toledo, that is, is not a natural region in the strict sense , but a set of regions natural and historical , that have in common a development project.
This territory consists of the following towns: Ajofrín , Almonacid de Toledo, Casabuenas , Chueca , Consuegra , Crow, Galvez, Guadamur , Hontanar , Layos , Manzaneque , Marjaliza , Mascaraque , Mazarambroz , Menasalbas , Mora , Los Navalmorales , Navahermosa , Noez , Orgaz , Polan , Thumb, San Bartolome de las Open , San Martin de Montalban, San Martin de Pusa Santa Anta de Pusa , San Pablo de los Montes , Sonseca , Totanés , Urda , Las Ventas con Peña Aguilera , Villaminaya , Villarejo de Montalbán and Yébenes.
In total 34 municipalities which cover an area of 3,721 km2 , ie 24.2% of the total territory of the province of Toledo.
de las Abiertas
de los Montes
|Las Ventas con
Geographically, the municipalities included in the project of the Association for integrated development of the territory Montes from Toledo, are situated between two river basins, the river Tagus and the Guadiana, and belong to three natural and historical regions: La Jara, Los Montes de Toledo and la Mancha.
Mountains of Toledo
The region of Los Montes de Toledo takes its name from the geographical range as its main accident and extends from N. to S. between the Tagus and the Guadiana and e. o. is delimited by la Mancha and la Jara. In it two geographical units conform. A mountain in the Andes mountain range and the other its extension up to the Valley of the Tagus, known as Meseta de los Montes.
The Toledo mountains are a mountainous formation, which separates the basin of the Tagus and the Guadiana, with a maximum length from East to West of 350 km and a width of 50 km.
They are constituted by different sierras which separate the provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real in the southwest of the first and Northwestern second, forming the Eastern and central nucleus of the cordillera. We find peaks as Rocigalgo (1.447 m), Corral de Cantos (1421 m), Penafiel (1,419 m) or love (1.379 m), divided by the sierras de Los Yébenes, San Pablo de los Montes, La Jara, Montalban massifs, Sierra del Castañar, Sierra de las Alberquillas saw the Calderina, and others.
From the landscape point of view highlights the existence of crestones quartzite from a uniform height, protruding from the surrounding vegetation, such as rockrose, dwarf, Oaks, etc.
Another remarkable scenic element in these mountains, are the numerous pedrizas which can be observed on the slopes, they are in reality, large clusters of angled quartzite ridges formed on very frequent series of freezing and thawing.
Of the Montes de Toledo start rivers as the Algodor, Amarguillo, Guajaraz, Torcon, Cedena.
The plateau of the mountains
This land, which includes part of the ancient Sisla and the lordship of Montalbán, is characterized by two geological units: in the South, an Anticline which extends between the towns of Sonseca and Navahermosa which has been modified by erosion and of which only are preserved two sides consisting of quartzites and slates, corresponding to the sierras de San Pablo Del Castañar and Alcorcon. There are granite outcrops where they settle the populations of San Martín de Montalbán, Ventas con Peña Aguilera, Menasalbas, etc. In the North, shows the so-called hills Noerz Island, thumb, and Layos.
Another manifestation that appears in these areas are frogs, corresponding of greater alteration to which Islands (Noez, Layos, etc.) and the Tajo are located between hills and less, than those located at the foot of del Castañar, Navahermosa, etc.
The main artery of the hydrographic network of this area is the Tagus, which receives significant contributions by the right margin, of the focus system and with less intensity, the rivers coming from the mountains, being the most important Algodor, Guajaraz and Torcon.
The Mancha Toledana
The Mancha Toledana extends to the southeast of the province of Toledo, being its limit to the Sagra, North West the Sisla and Los Montes de Toledo, South provincial division East and Ciudad Real La Mancha conquense.
It is a flat terrain, only interrupted by mild elevations, beginning or Stirrups of Montes de Toledo. For this reason, castles and windmills are the most representative icons of the landscape.
Geographically it is the physical extension West of the mountains of the Montes de Toledo, is characterized by being a hilly, forested mountains and steppe frogs. To the North it is limited by the Tagus River and to the South by the Montes de Toledo. Of its mountains, they flow into the Tagus, River Pusa, and other smaller tributaries.
The flora is steppe, where dominates the olive tree, Cork oak, Savin, the scrubland and the jarales. In the valleys of the higher areas there are forests of oak, pine and chestnut. It is one of the richest areas of Spain cinegeticamente speaking, there are large reserves of hunting as a child.