Montes de Toledo is a region where nature , culture and history in the heart of Spain adds . A mountain range vertebra throughout the territory and gives it a unique and vibrant character , forged over time.
n the rugged terrain areas has conditioned its secular isolation and causes , the fnal now Montes de Toledo are presented as a territory where nature is preserved in all its splendor and where human events possess the strength and character of the original and authentic things.
The region of Montes de Toledo takes the name of the range as the main geográfco accident and extends from north to south between the Tagus and Guadiana , covering a large area. From east to west , the district, is bounded by the regions of La Mancha and la Jara .
The mountains of the Montes de Toledo is located in the southern plateau like a mountain area, with relief of "Appalachian" type, with relatively cool and moist climatic environment and active flow of water superfciales with extensive conservation of natural vegetation and outstanding foristic and rich fauna, is a mountainous formation with steep slopes and hills covered with intricate mountain, are a group of reliefs characterized by their strength and density, is manifested with particular force in its mountains and massifs located in the area Sierra de San Pablo de los Montes and Sierra del Castañar, and clumps of Robledo de Montalban, Corral de Cantos, Rocigalgo, the Guadalerzas, Splash, Pocito and Calderina.
The Sierra de San Pablo develops west of the port of Milagro and presents a fragmented line peaks, climaxes always exceed 1,200 m, reaching 1,419 m. in Peñafel, Cerrillón 1,374 in the 1,361 m. in Morra and 1,328 m. Majadillas on the ridge, the latter located on the Marches hill where you can locate the western end of this alignment, which is named after the village of San Pablo, located on the northern slope and, with its 908 m. tall, is the highest population center of the region of Montes de Toledo.
The Sierra del Castañar in a chain that extends east-west from near Mora de Toledo and the Yébenes to the port of Miracle against Sales with Peña Aguilera, dominating the eastern sector of the plateau crystal Toledo (where Crow, Sonseca and Orgaz) are located. It is clearly defned a line of summits that climbs up to its culmination the "Risco del Amor", 1,371 m.
Marches west of Collado de los Montes reliefs width and complexity increase, constituting the bulk of the Corral de Cantos, whose western boundary is located at the ports of "Risco of Stops" (1,129 m.) And Valleleor (918 m .) that connect the valleys and Estena Cedena. Ahead of the main body of the massif a short lineup, Sierra Galinda, at whose feet the town of Navahermosa it is lies.
The most intricate and vigorous Montes de Toledo sector is in Rocigalgo Massif, with a width of close to 40 km. It extends from the Navalmorales to close because of the confnes of Badajoz.
The Trickle, facing the Corral de Cantos and the Sierra de San Pablo massif, is the smaller of the mountainous areas of the Montes de Toledo, since in most of its territory is less than 1,000
Guadalerzas massif, orográfco also set very wide and extent rising against the Sierra del Castañar and ends near Consuegra, overlooking the plains of La Mancha.
Hidrográfco from the point of view, the water drainage is done in the Montes de Toledo fuviales system for courses that have their head and feeding area in the mountainous central sets of the area itself. Algodor highlight the river, some 90 km. Long, the Almonte, the Amarguillo, the Torcón River, Pusa, the Cedena and Guajaraz. Reservoirs belonging to the area of the Montes de Toledo are the reservoir Torcón located in the town of Navahermosa and Guajaraz Reservoir belonging to the municipalities of Layos, Casasbuenas and Arges.
In terms of vegetation cover it was originally a Mediterranean forest of oaks that remained virtually intact until the fourteenth century when it began to intensifcarse grazing, cereal crops and obtaining coal of heather and oak destined for foundries and forges.
The timberline is preserved quite well in the mountain slopes, being formed 'by oaks, in solarium between 700 and 900 meters above siliceous red soils, Pyrenean oaks and oaks. These oaks, have a fragrant Mediterranean shrub layer, consisting of rockrose, thyme, rosemary, lavender, etc ...
The humanized landscape element constitute the meadows and forests of cork oaks and frutalizados and clarified on which the characteristic cerealísticos systems cultivation and pastures are developed.
Environmental conditions that bind these Montes own favor the development of plant species of the Mediterranean forest, another of the many plant species that can be seen in the Montes de Toledo are madrone, oaks, beeches, heather, myrtle of Brabant, birch etc.
Regarding wildlife, the region of Montes de Toledo noted for related species hunting both big game and small game within the first includes species such as wild boar, deer, fallow deer, roe deer and MUFON; in small game species include partridge, rabbit, hare, wood pigeon, thrush, etc ...
Saying that the region of Montes de Toledo is one of the most important national game reserves.
Other mammals that survive in these mountains are the martens, polecats, foxes, weasels, otters, mongooses, wild cats, lynx.
Montes de Toledo represent a vital habitat for large populations of birds listed endangered among which the Spanish imperial eagle, black vulture, golden eagle, osprey and black stork .
The region of Montes de Toledo is so wide that offers many tourist routes and infnidad and leisure activities to enjoy this land so beautiful and so unique. Tourists can explore hidden and secret forests crossing points rich and varied biodiversity.