Castles and defenses

Part of the inner and outer defenses of the city, visitors can see one of the most impressive venues in Spain and defensive lines. Toledo retains its walls, gates, towers, bridges, remnants of castles Jews and Christians, for the most part very well preserved. There are still sections Visigoths, Muslims and Christians, who endowed and improved enclosures found in previous civilizations, taking the Tagus as pit natural.Nombrar San Serbando Castle.

Departing from Toledo to the south, we find a series of towers and castles defending a large territory forming several defensive arcs around the city. These fortifications protected the important road to Cordoba, Seville and Extremadura. The rose was necessary to repopulate the vacant Monteños with mozárabes outposts, and defend the natural border ridge installed. Some more late afanzar were built to the feudal power.

castle Orgaz

The region of Montes de Toledo has abundant copies of "whips houses", towers, castles and palaces examples of civil and military architecture Monteno populate the territory. There are many vestiges of a past between repoblador, border and stately places us between the tenth and fifteenth centuries. Monteno fortifications belonging to the landscape, its history, origin of folk traditions and old legends that provide heat to the interior of the ruined walls that crown the high ridges or hillocks advocate it on the plateau. Most of these buildings are now abandoned and very few have any use. The least they are privately owned and the rest pública.Con this route we want to help travelers to enjoy and discover towers and fortresses testimonial protagonists of a stately and warlike past while they know the land and people of Montes de Toledo, we also intend to present our rich heritage and monuments.

Castles and towers in the region played an important role as gatekeepers and advocates southern border with Castilla. Some of these fortifications rose to stimulate the colonization of the region and defend the main roads that crossed the direction of Andalusia.

Subsequently the stately castles, fortified houses and palaces with the presence and the 'power of the feudal lord is reafrmaba appear. (Centuries XIV and XV).

Today many of the castles and towers are stranded after serving quarry to build houses in the nearby villages for centuries. Others less, are maintained or strengthened.

The route starts in the town of Guadamur, where stands one of the best and well preserved fortresses of this region. On a hill overlooking the town this beautiful castle with oblong plant stands. It was built by the knight Don Pedro Lopez de Ayala, second Lord of Guadamur. In 1502 were guests of the strength of Castilla Juana and Felipe "the Beautiful". Today it is privately owned and can visit two days a month. Guadamur is accessed by the CM-401 road, turning aside 14 km. south of Toledo.

Map defensive architecture

We address Polan, where we can see the remains of its ancient castle located north of the town. Currently two towers still standing, the first eight slender slimmer garitones; deteriorating but richer in detail the second. Its construction is similar to that of some French castles, so they could be fair or under the infuence those who built in the twelfth century. It is visitable only outside. Polan is 15 km. South of Toledo.

Polan headed to Galvez, where surrounded by fields of cereal are scarce remains of this castle, which had rectangular plant fanqueado in the corners of circular towers. The castle had to protect a village called Corralnuevo and facilitate the repopulation of this area in the Plateau of Montes de Toledo. It is privately owned and can be visited from sunrise to sunset. It is 4 Km. de Galvez and is accessed from the town along a road to the northwest.

Galvez headed to San Martin de Montalban Castle Montalban where is located, the most important of the Montes de Toledo for its construction and history. It is of singular beauty Torcón the mouth of the river on which the castle stands. Impress his two watchtowers, perimeter of its walls and defensive complex. From inside the rooms in the main tower and most of the crown are preserved. The alternating edifcio masonry with ashlar limestone with abundant signs beds ... is accessed by road from San Martin de Montalban Torrijos on a path indicated. Leaving from San Martin de Montalban we headed Navahermosa, to get to this village and two kilometers east along a country road one reaches the castle of Dos Hermanas, built in the early thirteenth century. This ancient fortress is located on a high rocker. Your plant will accommodate the steepness of the rocks. The entire building is made of masonry, with rounded corners and no window openings, only loopholes. Today it is abandoned and can be visited at any time of year.

Of Navahermosa we left Hontanar. Once we passed this small mountain town we continue along the paved road to reach the Risco of the stops, which we cross to take the path before us by which we come to the desert of Malamoneda. The first thing we saw is the Tower, large rectangular fortress, is mostly demolished. Montalban Templar to repopulate the border should fortify this place where there was already population. He is currently municipal property and can be visited throughout the year.

Also noted that 400 meters from the Tower of Malamoneda Malamoneda Castle is located. It is a building which originally had a defensive use no baths may subsequently adapted to protect the valley. At present it is in very poor condition and is municipal property. The roads are the same as for the Tower of Malamoneda and can be visited throughout the year.

We address Polan, where we can see the remains of its ancient castle located north of the town. Currently two towers still standing, the first eight slender slimmer garitones; deteriorating but richer in detail the second. Its construction is similar to that of some French castles, so they could be fair or under the infuence those who built in the twelfth century. It is visitable only outside. Polan is 15 km. South of Toledo.

Polan headed to Galvez, where surrounded by fields of cereal are scarce remains of this castle, which had rectangular plant fanqueado in the corners of circular towers. The castle had to protect a village called Corralnuevo and facilitate the repopulation of this area in the Plateau of Montes de Toledo. It is privately owned and can be visited from sunrise to sunset. It is 4 Km. de Galvez and is accessed from the town along a road to the northwest.

Galvez headed to San Martin de Montalban Castle Montalban where is located, the most important of the Montes de Toledo for its construction and history. It is of singular beauty Torcón the mouth of the river on which the castle stands. Impress his two watchtowers, perimeter of its walls and defensive complex. From inside the rooms in the main tower and most of the crown are preserved. The alternating edifcio masonry with ashlar limestone with abundant signs beds ... is accessed by road from San Martin de Montalban Torrijos on a path indicated. Leaving from San Martin de Montalban we headed Navahermosa, to get to this village and two kilometers east along a country road one reaches the castle of Dos Hermanas, built in the early thirteenth century. This ancient fortress is located on a high rocker. Your plant will accommodate the steepness of the rocks. The entire building is made of masonry, with rounded corners and no window openings, only loopholes. Today it is abandoned and can be visited at any time of year.

Map

Leaving Las Ventas con Peña Aguilera, we continue our journey to reach Crow, where you'll find the exit road of Galvez, to meet with the remains of the castle of Peñaflor (XIII) is built on flat land, is ground homer and had four stretches of wall and three towers. Garcia Lasso de la Vega poet's father, bought the manor and castle Juan Carrillo of Toledo, and in 1881 served as a quarry for the construction of the road Galvez passing through its walls. It is municipal property and can be visited at any time of year.

We return to Cuerva and take direction Mazarambroz, whose entrance to the village we found a square tower built of masonry (S.XIV) Keep some defensive elements as machicolations and arrow slits of his coronation. It is a watchtower guarding the territory near the foothills of the Montes de Toledo protecting the city from the south franc. It is in good condition and is privately owned.

A few kilometers from this village, this Sonseca. West along a road you get to the Tolanca Torre (XI century). On a secluded hill in the landscape is located this interesting fortification rectangular three-storey dome and strong inside, all she masonry. It is of Arab origin with Christian extensions of XII century. It was used as part of the south of Toledo defensive system and monitoring of steps near the Montes de Toledo.

Sonseca Orgaz and continue doing its entry we find the castle of Orgaz (S. XIV). Built on level ground along the old road to Seville crossing the Montes de Toledo through the port of the Yébenes, it was built within the walls of Orgaz. It is rectangular and the entire exterior masonry blocks and reinforced corners. The current owner has consolidated and restored part of the interior, is owned and can be visited every other Wednesday from the first Wednesday of April from 10:00 am to 18:00 pm without interruption.

n this village we drove up the Yébenes and 15 Km. By road from Ciudad Real, arrived at the castle of Guadalerzas, of Muslim origin, who remained vigilant on the border with Al-Andalus. He also belonged to the Templars, the Order of San Juan, Calatrava and confiscation of Felipe II who sold it to Cardinal Siliceo. In 1872 he passed into private hands and was qualified for housing its owner the Marquis of Guadalerzas. It was also used as barracks of the Civil Guard. You can visit the appropriate reserves.

The Yébenes we went to Consuegra, located in Cerro Calderico rope Consuegra Castle is located, is a stronghold of St John military architecture consists of three defensive enclosures. Inside you can visit walls, galleries, cisterns, dungeons, watchtower, etc.

The fort had its origin during the Caliphate of Córdoba. Later during the Reconquista step at the hands of Alfonso VIII who gave it to the Military Order of St. John of Jerusalem. He suffered the confiscation of Mendizabal until in 1963 it was acquired by the city of Consuegra, a few years later begin its restoration, which still continues., The strength is accompanied by a dozen mills Mancha wind leading the group known as "Manchego Consuegra would grow". Guided tours all year round visits are made.

Consuegra taking the new motorway from the vineyards we reach Mora, where stands an imposing fort, Castle Penas Negras (SX), located 5 km. From Mora, in this direction. It is accessed via Castle Road (old road Tembleque).

His story begins in the X silo, belonging to the Toledo Taifa, after its conquest was given to the Order of Santiago for the defense and repopulation of the area. In 2007 it undergoes consolidation works. It is one of the most important castles in Castilla La Mancha at the architectural level, as portrayed in a rocker fortress, to suit the terrain has an elongated and irregular interior floor and two levels separated by a ditch cut into the rock. His short tribute tower castle into two parts, one courtyard and other outbuildings. You can visit at any time of year because access is free.

Castle view Guardalezas (Los Yébenes )

Mora take direction Manzaneque, Manzaneque Castle is included in the urban area of ​​the town, opposite the town hall and installed on the part of their offices. The castle was built by D. Lorenzo de Figueroa and Maria Orozco, subsequently rebuilt Don Inigo de Avalos, and now belongs to the city. It is a small castle square floor plan. Your access to the outside is free and visit the interior have to ask permission at the town hall. Inside you can visit in one of the rooms a permanent exhibition of all the castles of the Montes de Toledo.

We take again the highway from the vineyards to head to Mascaraque, the castle is also located in the urban center of the town. It has been dated to the fourteenth century and was built as a liaison between the castles of Almonacid and Mora. It is a curious building composite structure between palace and fortress. It has been restored and is in very good condition. It is privately owned and can only be seen outside.

Finalizamos la ruta en Almonacid de Toledo, el castillo de Almonacid se alza sobre un monte que se puede ver desde decenas de kilómetros, vigila el antiguo camino a la Mancha desde su estratégica situación. La primera referencia documental que hace referencia a este castillo es de origen musulmán, en el siglo XI paso a manos de Alfonso VI, que posteriormente lo donó a la Catedral de Toledo, siendo reformado en el siglo XIV, en el siglo XVIII paso a manos de los Condes de Mora y actualmente pertenece al ayuntamiento que lo tiene en venta al precio de una de las antiguas pesetas con la condición de que el comprador se comprometa a restaurarlo.

El castillo tiene elevados muros almenados protegidos por una barrera exterior. En el interior solo queda la torre del Homenaje, situada en el centro del amplio recinto. Existen varios aljibes, un silo y algunas habitaciones.

We finish the route in Almonacid de Toledo Almonacid castle perched on a hill that can be seen from dozens of kilometers, watch the old road to La Mancha from its strategic location. The first documentary reference that refers to this castle is of Muslim origin, in the eleventh century passed into the hands of Alfonso VI, who later donated it to the Cathedral of Toledo, being refurbished in the fourteenth century, in the eighteenth century passed into the hands Condes de Mora and now belongs to the city that has it for sale at the price of pesetas on condition that the buyer agrees to restore.

The castle has high crenellated walls protected by an outer wall. Inside there is only the Keep, located in the center of the extensive grounds. There are several wells, silos and some rooms.

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